Approaches and Teaching Methods in Early Childhood Education
The Montessori Method – Self-Directed Learning
In a Montessori classroom, the real contact is between the child and the materials, not between the teacher and the child. What the teacher initially does is demonstrates the proper use of each set of materials, then children may work on them individually or in small groups. The teacher’s role in a Montessori school is to watch each child in order for them to connect with the right materials. Children learn through experience, by observing and doing. They practice life skills like buttoning, zipping, cutting, and gardening, allowing children to care for themselves as well as their environment. Learning in the Montessori classroom is cumulative, constantly building on what was learned prior. Activities are mainly individual, and children move around the classroom freely, choosing their own activities. Self-directed learning is highlighted; children pursue their own interests at the pace that best suits them, instead of moving through teacher-led lessons as a group. This way children develop respect for each other and their classroom, placing items back on shelves before reaching for new ones. Their work is taken seriously, and not regarded as play.
The High/Scope Program – Plan-Do-Review Process
High/Scope provides a wide, realistic educational experience geared to a child's current stage of development, to promote the correct way of learning necessary to get best out of the early intellectual and social skills. In a High/Scope classroom, students are engaged in learning ‘centers’, including building, dramatic play, math, reading, music, writing, science, and motor development. A typical day would demonstrate a three-part process: “Plan-Do-Review.” Beginning with planning, the class and teacher discuss and create plans for a certain play period. Children go about their various activities, (Do) while teachers observe and offer support. The “review” process takes place after the play period, where students and teachers gather to discuss what they have found. This helps children understand their own actions, and enables connections between action and language. Children’s work is proudly displayed on the walls of the classroom.
Waldorf Schools – Hands-On Exploration
Created by Rudolf Steiner in 1919, Waldorf's main objective is to educate the whole child — “head, heart, and hands.” Children in Waldorf schools are allowed to remain ‘childlike’, because of the belief that there is a time for every phase of development, and that children should not receive formal education until after the age of 7. Learning is hands-on, and received through cooking, art projects, storytelling, singing, puppet shows, dress-up, and play. The teacher stays with the same group of children from preschool through eighth grade. The focus in the Waldorf classroom is on sensory exploration and self-discovery rather than formal instruction and merit, helping children develop a sense of compassion and responsibility. The use of electronic media, especially TV, by young children is highly discouraged in Waldorf schools.
Reggio Emilia Schools – Classroom as the “Third Teacher”
Loris Malaguzzi, founded the Reggio Emilia approach at the Italian city of the same name. The Reggio approach fosters intellectual development through a focus on symbolic representation. The primary curriculum is in-depth project work based on the interests of the children. Children are encouraged to express themselves through ‘natural languages’, including drawing, painting, working in clay, sculpting, constructing, conversing, and dramatic play. In a Reggio Emilia school, educators pay close attention to the look and feel of the classroom, which is often referred to as the “third teacher.” The goal is to create a room that is beautiful, joyful, inviting, and stimulating. Teachers document the children’s discussions, remarks, and activities through notes, videos, and photographs. This makes learning visible and helps parents to understand what their children are learning; teachers get to know the children better; and children see that their work is valued.
Bank Street Approach – Learning by DoingJohn Dewey, his theory of ‘learning by doing’ influenced this developmental approach. The focus of Bank Street preschools is on a child’s mental, social, emotional, and physical growth. In these programs, the child is an active learner and gains knowledge about the world through experience. Students set the learning pace, and the teacher serves as a guide. Bank Street approach teaches lessons through hands-on activities, such as building blocks, puzzles, clay, and dramatic play.
Which Educational Philosophy Is Best? Here we use a combination of The High/Scope Program and The Bank Street Approach. We like to watch each child individually and decide which learning method works best for that child. Since we are a small group of children, it is much easier to tailor the educational philosophy for each specific child. That's what makes us a little different from the rest!
Parents should consider the following to help choose what's best for your child.
BENEFITS OF FINGER PAINTING INCLUDE:
Teaching your child to read early has multiple benefits and is the key to your child's academic future.
The main reason is that reading is at the heart of all formal education. As the child becomes a toddler, he/she will enter a new world of speech, movement, and imagination. In most cases he/she will start speaking first words and learn several new words every week. The more language the baby hears, the more words it will have available to name objects or express feelings. By 18 months, it may start joining these simple words into sentences. At this age, reading to your child should be a regular part of your daily routine. Story-time encourages language development and communication, in a loving, playful context. Toddlers often want to assert their independence so you should let your child choose the book to read, as well as the reading location. In order to interact more effectively with your toddler, make reading a two-sided activity in which both of you participate. You may read the worlds and the child may speak, point, coo, laugh, or thump the page. This is perfectly normal and the child is beginning his relationship with books. We read to the kids everyday and we encourage all of our children to pick their own books.
Bright From The Start Childcare, INC. is licensed by the New York State Office of Children and Family Services (NYSOCFS) as a group family day care center. A group family day care like ours takes place in someone’s home (as opposed to a separate business in a commercial space) with the childcare given by the provider and one or more assistants. Based on the available space, your child becomes part of a small group of up to 12 mixed age children, with a child/student ratios ranging up to 6 to 1 for older children. Each supervising adult must be screened by and registered with NYSOCFS, as must each adult family member.
A family day care also takes place in someone’s home with the provider as the sole caregiver, without an assistant. Depending on the age of the children, up to 6 children of mixed ages (of which 2 may be under 2) can be accommodated by the care giver. The provider must be screened by and registered with NYSOCFS, as must each adult family member.
A child day care center takes place in a commercially rented space and generally provides day care for a much larger number of older children (sometimes starting at 2 but usually 3 yrs. old and ranging up to 5 yrs of age). The children are segregated usually into same-age groups with the number of children limited only by space and by a child to teacher ratio ranging up to 9-1 (depending on age). Child day care centers are more like regular schools.
WHY CHOOSE GROUP FAMILY DAY CARE?
Most parents who choose group family day care want a warm, small group, homelike environment for their children’s first school-like experience (often the first non-parent social group experience) instead of a larger, institutional day care center where commercial rents and other overhead can generally dictate the maximum child to adult ratios (up to 6 to 1) allowed by the NYSOCFS. Since a group family day care center can have one or more state-registered assistants, each child is less dependent on one person being “on” for the entire morning, afternoon, or an entire day as in a provider-operated family day care residence. Also, as assistants/substitutes are allowed, a group family day care center can respond more flexibly than a family day care center when teachers are ill or otherwise unavailable. A group family day care center also generally provides more flexibility in terms of scheduling than a larger child day care center for parents who want a part-time schedule to fit their work and personal needs. The foundation of family child care is relationships. Relationships between parents and providers, providers and the children and the children with each other. Family child care fosters emotionally secure interpersonal relationships with all families involved in care.
Though daycare centers, no matter how child-friendly and welcoming, can sometimes seem institutional, home daycare can be the next best thing to your own house. If you're lucky enough to find a good provider in your neighborhood, so much the better – your child will feel even more at home.
Just keep in mind, whatever childcare you choose, remember to do as much reseach as possible.
Yes, I am finally able to post some pic of our first annual Family Day BBQ. All our of families were able to sit down, socialize with one another and enjoy some great food. Oh let's not forget about the music, shout out to DJSM for keeping the music going. (If you are looking for a DJ for your next event, check him out. Don't forget to mention my name to get special pricing). The kids had such a ball in the Mickey Mouse bounce house, water slide and the slip and slide. The day was absolutely beautiful. Unfortunately, I didn't get to take as many pictures as I would have liked, boy was I busy. Next year I MUST hire a professional. Can't wait until next year, it will be bigger and better!
I want to thank all my mom's and dad's for their continuious support and allowing me to help care for and encourage the growth and development of their precious little ones. From the bottom of my heart, THANK YOU, THANK YOU, THANK YOU!
Have a safe and happy Labor Day.
We are closed Monday, September 7th in observation of Labor Day!
See you Tuesday!
Well, summer is finally here and we have so many great things planned with the kids and such great things come with this season. Stay posted to see some of the wonderful activities we will do with our kids!
Today we introduced the letter "O" to the kids - "O" is for Octopus. We learned all about the Octopus, it was so much fun to see them pretend to be an Octopus, with 8 arms and legs. We also learned all about Oyster Pearls and we made our own... The kids loved it!
On Dr. Martin Luther King Day, Americans across the country come together for a day of service, picking up the baton handed to us by past generations and carrying forward their efforts. As one people, we show that when ordinary citizens come together to participate in the democracy we love, justice will not be denied.
So make the commitment to serve your community throughout the year – and make MLK Day a day on, not a day off.
What do the number "5" and a footprint have in common? Christmas! We will be creating an adorable Christmas tree from their footprint and practice counting repeatedly up to the number "5" while decorating the tree with objects of different textures. The resulting work of art is festive, fun and a great way to master counting up to 5.
Stay tuned for the finished products!
Hi my name is Margo; I've lived in Valley Stream for over 14 years. I am the loving and very, very proud mother of one amazing 16 year old son, Isaiah. Thankfully, I am able to live my dream of caring for and nurturing young children.